Suicide figures are alarming, as are those related to addictions. Suicide rates are higher in Africa than in the rest of the world. The WHO gives the number of 18 estimated deaths by suicide per 100,000 African men (1st in the world) and 5.2 per 100,000 African women (2nd in the world); giving an average of 11.2 deaths by suicide per 100,000 inhabitants in Africa (1st in the world). The same applies to minors, where alcohol consumption among 13–15-year-olds is alarming in many sub-Saharan areas: 42.3% in Zambia, 39.3% in Benin, 23.5% in Namibia, 20.6% in Botswana, 14.6% in Kenya, 14.5% in Liberia, 12.8% in Uganda and 10% in Sierra Leone.
Cumulation of several types of disasters
Finally, it should not be forgotten that some countries have experienced several types of disasters, such as Ebola in Guinea, the eruption of Mount Nyiragongo in North Kivu in the DRC, and prolonged conflicts, to which must be added the third wave of the Covid-19 pandemic, which, according to the WHO, has severely affected all 47 countries in the region. Infections have been particularly high in South Africa (71,617 positive cases as of June 6, 2021), Kenya (51,677 cases), Algeria (36,671 cases) and Ethiopia (20,419 cases).
In addition, the WHO reports that public financial resources for mental health and the number and types of mental health care providers remain minimal and in some African countries non-existent.